If your child has been diagnosed with congenital heart disease – a heart defect present at birth – your child’s care team will evaluate a range of treatment options. The same holds true if you are an adult who has grown up with congenital heart disease or who has only recently been diagnosed. Treatment options vary greatly depending on the type and severity of the heart defect.
Heart defects are the most common form of birth defect. Many heart defects can be treated to allow for a high quality of life. In fact, most congenital heart disease patients now survive to adulthood. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, 1 million adults in the United States are now living as survivors of congenital heart disease.
Detailed treatment information for specific types of congenital heart defects is available in SecondsCount’s comprehensive section on Congenital Heart Disease.
Not all congenital heart disease requires treatment. For those defects that do need to be treated, options for treatment generally consist of some combination of the following:
Every congenital heart disease patient is different, and treatment will be individualized for that patient. The best treatment will be an outgrowth of conversations between the affected child’s family and physicians and other medical professionals on the patient’s care team.