• Stroke


    When plaque builds up in the arteries, blood flow can be limited to the whole body, including the brain. When that happens, it can cause a stroke. It's important to recognize the symptoms of a stroke and respond immediately so you get prompt treatment with medicines and procedures, such as angioplasty, that restore blood flow to the brain.

  • Heart and Vascular Disease

    Stroke Risk Factors

    You don’t have to be old to have a stroke. Anyone can have one. But some people are more at risk than others.

    What is Cardiovascular Disease?

    Cardiovascular disease refers to a broad range of diseases that cause narrowing of the blood vessels or weaken the artery walls, resulting in disruptions in efficient blood flow. Included under the broad umbrella of cardiovascular disease are coronary artery disease, heart attack, stroke, peripheral artery disease (PAD), renal (kidney) artery disease, heart failure and high blood pressure. While these conditions may affect different parts of the body, they often share the same underlying cause: atherosclerosis (pronounced ath-row-sklee-rosis), or “hardening” of the arteries.

    Women and Stroke

    Stroke, the leading cause of disability in the U.S., like heart disease, is also a disease shared by women. Twice as many women will die of stroke than breast cancer each year. According to the National Women’s Health Information Center, experts believe that as many as 80 percent of strokes could be prevented.

    Treatment Options for Carotid Artery Disease

    For the last 50 years, a diagnosis of narrowing, or stenosis, in the carotid arteries would most likely result in a recommendation of surgery to prevent stroke. Surgery to remove plaque from the carotid arteries, called a carotid endarterectomy, is still a viable and life-saving procedure that is performed today. However, now more than ever, physicians have latitude to assess the degree of narrowing in the arteries, the age of the patient, and other factors to determine the best course of treatment.


    Every second counts if you or someone you love is having a stroke. A stroke is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. Just a few hours can make the difference between recovery or learning to walk and talk all over again—or worse still—death. This section can help you identify the symptoms and causes of stroke and learn what is involved in preventing, diagnosing, and treating strokes.
  • Treatment and Prevention

    Preventing Stroke

    Anyone can have a stroke. But according to the National Stroke Association, 80 percent of all strokes can be prevented.

    Resources Related to Stroke

    For more information about stroke, its symptoms, treatment, and other great resources for the survivor and his or her caregivers, visit the following sites...

    Treatment and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

    Innovations in cardiovascular care are constantly creating effective, less invasive methods for treating and preventing cardiovascular disease. The days when little could be done to combat heart and vascular disease are long over. Whether you have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease or wish to minimize risk factors you may have, your doctors and other healthcare providers can work with you to identify the best choices for you among a range of treatment and prevention options.
  • Tests and Diagnostics

    Diagnosing a Stroke

    How well you recover from a stroke has a lot to do with how quickly your stroke is diagnosed and treatment begins. Emergency personnel, physicians, and other members of the stroke care team at the hospital will perform and order tests to determine as quickly as possible if you are having a stroke, and if you are, the type of stroke and the location of the problem.