Atrial Septal Defects
Ventricular Septal Defects
It is now possible to close some holes within the heart using special devices that are placed using catheters (thin, flexible tubes) rather than by open-heart surgery. These devices generally are permanent and remain for a lifetime. Dissolvable/bioabsorbable devices are currently being developed as well.
Atrial Septal Defects (ASDs)
These are holes between the two upper filling chambers of the heart (atria). A special device can be implanted to seal up many of these holes. There are several types of devices that are available worldwide. The most common devices used in the United States are the Amplatzer ASD Occlusion Device and the Gore HELEX ASD Occlusion Device.
For more detailed information on ASDs, click here.
Ventricular Septal Defects (VSDs)
These are holes between the two lower pumping chambers of the heart (ventricles). In some situations, these holes can be closed using special devices that seal each side of the hole. Sometimes, this can be done in a hospital’s catheterization lab. In other situations, a combined surgical/catheter-based method (hybrid) can be used.
For more detailed information on VSDs, click here.