• Acquired Heart Disease in Children

    Sick Child with Teddybear

    Heart disease that develops after birth is described as an acquired heart disease. This is in contrast to congenital heart disease, which is present at birth. Acquired heart disease in children may represent diagnoses that do not occur in adults (for example, Kawasaki Disease) or may be similar to conditions present in adults (for example, dilated cardiomyopathy). The more common heart disease often seen in adults in which blockages in the heart's arteries lead to chest pain or heart attack is much more rare in children. 

    Among the more common heart conditions acquired during childhood are rheumatic heart disease and Kawasaki disease. Children who have been diagnosed with and treated for congenital heart defects may be at increased risk of acquiring endocarditis and cardiomyopathy. And some children and young adults develop abnormal heartbeats, called arrhythmias.

    Types of acquired heart disease include: